Marian R. Croak is a renowned inventor in the voice and data communication fields, boasting over 200 patents. She is most famous for developing Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology, which converts voice into a digital signal and enables users to make calls from computers and other digital devices. Born in 1955, she grew up in New York City where her fascination with plumbers and electricians sparked her interest in problem-solving.
Early role models such as her high school math and science teachers, as well as her father who bought her a home chemistry set, inspired her to pursue a STEM career. With an undergraduate degree from Princeton University and doctorate in social psychology from USC, Croak joined AT&T Bell Labs in 1982.
There she developed VoIP technology and further advanced voice and text messaging on cellular phones. She also invented the technology that enables people to send text-based donations to charity. In 2014, Croak left AT&T as Senior Vice President of Applications & Services Infrastructure after managing 500+ programs and supervising 2,000 computer scientists & engineers.
Now at Google as VP of the engineering group, she works to expand the Internet’s capabilities worldwide and increase access in developing countries. Her achievements have earned her numerous awards including Edison Patent Awards (2013 & 2014) & induction into the Women in Technology International Hall of Fame (2013). Additionally, she serves on the Holocaust & Human Rights Educational Center’s Corporate Advisory Board & USC’s Corporate Advisory Board. An avid long-distance runner with 3 grown children, Croak is committed to making the world a better place through technology.
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